Parasitic Infections in HIV-Infected Patients

  • Authors: José M. Miró, MD, PhD; Miriam J. Álvarez-Martínez, MD, PhD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 4/1/16 (What's New)

Summary

    Epidemiology
    • Chagas disease, also known as American trypanosomiasis, is caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi
    • The disease is endemic in Central and South America and may occur in nonendemic areas because of migration[WHO 2002]
    • In endemic areas, transmission usually occurs via a bite from an infected insect
    Clinical Manifestations
      Diagnosis
        Preventing Exposure to the Pathogen
          Primary Prophylaxis
            Secondary Prophylaxis
              Treatment

              Action required