Parasitic Infections in HIV-Infected Patients

  • Authors: José M. Miró, MD, PhD; Miriam J. Álvarez-Martínez, MD, PhD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD; Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD
  • Last Reviewed: 10/20/21 (What's New)


  • Acute infections and reactivation of Chagas disease may be diagnosed by direct demonstration of the parasite in blood by light microscopy
  • Indeterminate and chronic infections require xenodiagnosis, serology, or use of nucleic acid-based tests
  • Diagnosis based on serologic testing requires 2 positive tests performed with different antigens[WHO 2002]

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