Parasitic Infections in HIV-Infected Patients

  • Authors: José M. Miró, MD, PhD; Miriam J. Álvarez-Martínez, MD, PhD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD; Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD
  • Last Reviewed: 10/20/21 (What's New)


  • Visceral leishmaniasis is characterized by fever, systemic malaise, weight loss, hepatosplenomegaly, lymphadenopathy, and pancytopenia
    • Atypical manifestations affecting the gastrointestinal tract, lungs, skin, and pleural and peritoneal cavities have been described in profoundly immunosuppressed patients
    • Relapse is common in visceral leishmaniasis/HIV coinfection[Alvar 2008]

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