[Treatment of opportunistic infections in adolescent and adult patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus during the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy. AIDS Study Group (GESIDA) and National AIDS Plan Expert Committee].

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Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin. 2008 Jun-Jul;26(6):356-79. doi: 10.1157/13123842.

Despite the huge advance that highly active antiretroviral therapy has represented for the prognosis of infection by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), opportunistic infections continue to be a cause of morbidity and mortality in HIV-infected patients. This is often the case because of severe immunodepression, poor adherence to antiretroviral therapy, failure of therapy, or the fact that patients are unaware of their HIV-positive status and debut with an opportunistic infection. This article updates the guidelines on treatment of acute episodes of various opportunistic infections in HIV-infected patients, including infections due to parasites, fungi, viruses, mycobacteria, and bacteria. This edition has a new chapter on imported parasite infections as well as additional information on endemic mycoses in the chapter on fungal infections, taking into account the growing number of immigrants in our setting. Lastly, the chapter on the immune reconstitution syndrome has also been updated, providing relevant data on a phenomenon that has clinical and diagnostic repercussions in patients who start antiretroviral therapy while they are severely immunodepressed (English version available at http://www.gesida.seimc.org).

PMID: 18588819

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.