Clinicopathological Proficiency in the Diagnosis of Kaposi's Sarcoma.

van Bogaert LJ.

ISRN AIDS. 2012 May 30;2012:565463. doi: 10.5402/2012/565463. eCollection 2012.

Background. The prevalence of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), an AIDS-defining illness, has increased in parallel with the HIV/AIDS epidemic. The presence of violaceous skin lesions should raise suspicion of KS. However, especially on dark skin, KS mimics a variety of non-KS skin conditions. Histologically, there is a wide range of expressions of KS and a large number of mimickers. For all these reasons, a HHV-8 immunohistochemically biopsy-proven diagnosis of KS should be the gold standard. Methods. Prospective study of 490 consecutive skin biopsies from the general community in the Limpopo Province of South Africa, from April 2010 through December 2011. Results. The clinical discordance rate (over-/underdiagnosis of KS) was 30.5%; the histological discordance rate was 9.2%. Conclusion. Because of the magnitude of diagnostic error, both clinical and histological, all clinical lesions suspicious of KS should be biopsied and HHV-8 LAN-1 immunophenotyped.

PMID: 24052878

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.