Non–AIDS-Defining Cancers

  • Authors: David Aboulafia, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD; Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD
  • Last Reviewed: 11/15/21 (What's New)


  • Most large-scale studies report significantly lower prostate cancer rates in population with HIV vs the general population[Frisch 2001; Grulich 2007; Althoff 2013]
  • Risk factors include increased age, black race, familial history of prostate cancer, androgen use, and possibly prostatitis[Mani 2013]
  • Persons with HIV with prostate cancer and well-controlled HIV viremia should be managed similarly to persons without HIV

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Keywords: Cancer