Non–AIDS-Defining Cancers

  • Authors: David Aboulafia, MD; Liron Pantanowitz, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 12/12/16 (What's New)


  • Most large-scale studies report significantly lower prostate cancer rates in HIV-infected population vs general population[Frisch 2001; Grulich 2007; Althoff 2013]
  • Risk factors include increased age, black race, familial history of prostate cancer, androgen use, and possibly prostatitis[Mani 2013]
  • HIV-infected patients with prostate cancer and well-controlled HIV viremia should be managed similarly to HIV-negative patients

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Keywords: Cancer