Endocrine Disorders: Evaluation and Management

  • Author: Todd T. Brown, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 11/14/16 (What's New)

Summary

    Lifestyle Changes in Type 2 Diabetes
    • Weight loss with diet and exercise can reduce insulin resistance and improve glycemic control in overweight and obese patients[Knowler 2002] and slow the progression of atherosclerosis[Markus 1997; Wildman 2004]
    • Intensive lifestyle modification in HIV-infected patients with metabolic syndrome has been associated with a significant reduction in hemoglobin A1c[Fitch 2006]
    Antiretroviral Switching in Diabetes
    • Role of antiretroviral switching in the management of HIV-infected patients with diabetes is not clear
    Pharmacologic Therapy for Diabetes
      Metformin for Diabetes
        Thiazolidinediones for Diabetes
          Sulfonylureas for Diabetes
            Insulin Therapy for Diabetes
              Newer Medications for Diabetes
                Pramlintide for Diabetes
                  New Therapeutic Class: Gliflozins
                    Combination Pharmacologic Therapy for Diabetes
                    When to Refer to a Diabetologist
                      Treatment Monitoring in Diabetes
                        Monitoring for Complications of Diabetes

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