Endocrine Disorders: Evaluation and Management

  • Author: Todd T. Brown, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 11/14/16 (What's New)


  • Weight loss with diet and exercise can reduce insulin resistance and improve glycemic control in overweight and obese patients[Knowler 2002] and slow the progression of atherosclerosis[Markus 1997; Wildman 2004]
  • Intensive lifestyle modification in HIV-infected patients with metabolic syndrome has been associated with a significant reduction in hemoglobin A1c[Fitch 2006]

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