Endocrine Disorders: Evaluation and Management

  • Author: Todd T. Brown, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 11/14/16 (What's New)


  • Symptoms of hypogonadism are varied and nonspecific (Table 3)
  • Screening for hypogonadism should be considered in HIV-infected men with weight loss, sellar mass, use of medications that affect testosterone production or metabolism (glucocorticoids, ketoconazole, or opioids), end-stage renal disease and maintenance hemodialysis, moderate or severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, infertility, osteoporosis or low trauma fracture, and type 2 diabetes mellitus (Management Guidelines)[Testosterone Guidelines]
  • Measuring Testosterone Levels for Hypogonadism

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