Adrenal insufficiency, recurrent bacteremia, and disseminated abscesses caused by Nocardia asteroides in a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.

Arabi Y, Fairfax MR, Szuba MJ, Crane L, Schuman P.

Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 1996 Jan;24(1):47-51. doi: 10.1016/0732-8893(95)00249-9.

Nocardia asteroides is an opportunistic pathogen of increasing incidence in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected persons. The lungs are the most common site of infection, followed by the brain; involvement of other extrapulmonary sites is less common. We describe a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome who presented with a number of unique manifestations of nocardial infection: the first reported case of bilateral adrenal abscesses with adrenal insufficiency, the first case of a renal abscess due to N. asteroides alone, and the first case of recurrent, symptomatic bacteremia. A review of the literature on nocardial infections in HIV-positive individuals is presented.

PMID: 8988764

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.