Ocular Complications Associated With HIV Infection

  • Authors: Patricia Pahk, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 4/1/16 (What's New)

Introduction

  • Ocular manifestations of HIV infection can be divided by anterior or posterior segment involvement and by infectious or noninfectious etiology
  • Posterior-segment infectious diseases are typically the result of immunodeficiency
  • Incidence of ocular opportunistic infections decreased significantly after the introduction of effective ART and are rare where ART is widely available[Palella 1998; Holtzer 1998; Jabs 2007]

Ocular manifestations of HIV can involve any portion of the eye and can be divided by anterior or posterior segment involvement and by infectious or noninfectious etiology. Typically, posterior-segment infectious diseases are the result of an immunocompromised state and are considered ocular opportunistic infections. The incidence of ocular opportunistic infections decreased by 75% to 80% in patients with HIV after the introduction of effective antiretroviral therapy in the mid-1990s....

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