Ocular Complications Associated With HIV Infection

  • Authors: Patricia Pahk, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 4/1/16 (What's New)


  • Most common bacterial cause of uveitis in HIV-infected patients is syphilis
  • Other causes include TB, herpes zoster, herpes simplex virus, histoplasmosis, coccidioidomycosis, Toxoplasma gondii, and use of rifabutin and cidofovir[Guex-Crosier 2009]
  • Clinical signs of anterior uveitis include cells in the anterior chamber, keratic precipitates, posterior synechiae, and hypopyon

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