Ocular Complications Associated With HIV Infection

  • Authors: Patricia Pahk, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 4/1/16 (What's New)


  • Most common ocular opportunistic infection in patients with AIDS
    • Usually occurs at CD4+ cell counts < 50 cells/mm3
    • Remains a major cause of visual loss, despite availability of effective ART[Thorne 2006a; Thorne 2011]
  • Pre-HAART Era
      Changes in the HAART Era
        Retinal Detachment
          Immune Recovery Uveitis
            Current Cytomegalovirus Treatment
              Gene and Drug Resistance

              Action required