Ocular Complications Associated With HIV Infection

  • Authors: Patricia Pahk, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 4/1/16 (What's New)


  • Patients with CMV retinitis can develop IRU, sometimes months or years after ART initiation[Kuppermann 2000; Nguyen 2000]
  • By definition, IRU occurs in patients with an increased CD4+ cell count (> 100 cells/mm3)
  • Incidence appears to have decreased in recent years[Jabs 2010a]

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