Ocular Complications Associated With HIV Infection

  • Authors: Patricia Pahk, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 4/1/16 (What's New)


  • Drug resistance following prolonged anti-CMV therapy was relatively common in the pre-HAART era[Jabs 1998a]
    • Incidence has decreased since the introduction of effective ART
    • Risk factors for resistance include CD4+ cell count < 50 cells/mm3 and a positive CMV culture or detectable CMV RNA at retinitis diagnosis

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