Ocular Complications Associated With HIV Infection

  • Authors: Patricia Pahk, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 4/1/16 (What's New)


  • Noninfectious optic nerve involvement in HIV-infected patients can be caused by microvascular disease, including anterior ischemic optic neuropathy, optic disc edema, and optic atrophy
  • Most neuro-ophthalmic complications of HIV infection result from infection or malignancy in the CNS
    • May present with cranial nerve palsies, visual field defects, or optic nerve disease

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