Management of Psychiatric Disorders in Patients With HIV

  • Author: Glenn J. Treisman, MD, PhD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD; Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD
  • Last Reviewed: 11/5/21 (What's New)

Summary

  • Delirium is a state of global cerebral disturbance characterized by a change in the level of consciousness (from stupor to hyper alert), a waxing and waning mental state, and impairment of attention
  • Prevalence
    • Delirium is the most common neuropsychiatric diagnosis in hospitalized patients with HIV (documented in 46% of nursing homes and 57% of hospitalized patients)[Uldall 1997; Fernandez 1989] and is associated with increased risk of mortality
    • May be caused by an underlying infectious disease, adverse effects of medications, drug interactions, intoxication or withdrawal, organ failure, hypoxemia, or metabolic derangements
    Clinical Presentation/Diagnosis
      Clinical Management

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