Management of Renal Disease

  • Author: Mohamed G. Atta, MD, MPH (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 3/14/17 (What's New)


  • Kidney lesions that can be directly linked to antiretroviral medications have, in general, involved acute tubular process, allergic interstitial nephritis, and/or kidney stones
  • Although some antiretroviral medications may affect the tubule, many over-the-counter medications and intercurrent illnesses may also result in acute tubular injury and/or allergic interstitial nephritis as well as kidney stones or crystal nephropathy

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