Management of Renal Disease

  • Author: Mohamed G. Atta, MD, MPH (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 3/14/17 (What's New)


  • Important overarching goal in the examination of urine is to determine if derangements in glomerular or tubular function exist
  • Filtration membrane of tubular section of nephron normally only allows water and small, water-soluble molecules such as urea and creatinine to pass through from blood (Figure 1)
  • Derangements in Glomerular Function
    • Urinalysis for presence of blood and/or protein may delineate specific etiologies underlying derangements in glomerular function (Table 3)
    Derangements of Tubule and Interstitium Function
      Absence of Proteinuria (Bland Urine) and Specific Gravity
        Renal Tubular Function: Urine Glucose, Urine Phosphate, Acidity and Phosphate Levels

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