Management of Renal Disease

  • Author: Mohamed G. Atta, MD, MPH (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 3/14/17 (What's New)


  • Presence of hematuria without proteinuria indicates lower urinary tract or glomerular process (Table 3)
  • Absence of Proteinuria (Bland Urine) and Specific Gravity
    • Pathologic kidney process that does not manifest with proteinuria is likely focused in renal tubules or interstitial area with serum creatinine as sole marker (Table 3)
    Renal Tubular Function: Urine Glucose, Urine Phosphate, Acidity and Phosphate Levels
    • Derangements of proximal tubular function may be indicated by the presence of urinary acidosis (type 2 tubular acidosis), glycosuria (resorptive deficiency), and phosphaturia

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