Management of Renal Disease

  • Author: Mohamed G. Atta, MD, MPH (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 3/14/17 (What's New)


  • Most acute renal failure episodes are related to toxic injury to the tubule and manifested in absence of proteinuria
  • Diagnostic and therapeutic strategies generally limited to discontinuing all potentially nephrotoxic medications, maintaining adequate intravascular volume status, and maintaining appropriate hemodynamics
  • Reinitiating any potentially nephrotoxic medications, including antiretrovirals, should be considered on case-by-case basis

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