Special Considerations in the Management of Women With HIV, Including Management of Conception and Pregnancy

  • Author: Sigal Yawetz, MD (More Info)
  • Section Editor: Judith S. Currier, MD, MSc
  • Editors in Chief: Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD; Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD
  • Last Reviewed: 10/25/21 (What's New)

Introduction

  • Approximately 25% of HIV/AIDS cases in the United States today are among women, one third of whom are 50 years of age or older[CDC 2015; CDC 2013]
  • Most HIV infections in US women occur through sexual intercourse
  • Women with HIV tend to have higher rates of antiretroviral interruption than men
  • Pregnancy and menopause have become a more important part of HIV care as life expectancy of women with HIV has improved

Approximately 20% of all HIV/AIDS cases in the United States today are among women,[CDC 2018] which is an increase from 7% in 1985.[ACOG 2010] Furthermore, approximately 30% of women with HIV are 50 years of age or older.[CDC 2017; ...

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Keywords: Women