Special Considerations in the Management of Women With HIV, Including Management of Conception and Pregnancy

  • Author: Sigal Yawetz, MD (More Info)
  • Section Editor: Judith S. Currier, MD, MSc
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 4/27/20 (What's New)


  • Barrier methods, such as condoms, should be encouraged in all HIV-infected individuals even when other forms of contraception are used
  • Spermicides containing nonoxynol 9 topical should not be used for prevention of HIV or STDs[WHO 2001]
    • May increase risk of HIV transmission

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