Effect of raltegravir on estradiol and norgestimate plasma pharmacokinetics following oral contraceptive administration in healthy women.

Anderson MS, Hanley WD, Moreau AR, Jin B, Bieberdorf FA, Kost JT, Wenning LA, Stone JA, Wagner JA, Iwamoto M.

Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2011 Apr;71(4):616-20. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2125.2010.03885.x.

AIMS: Oral contraceptives such as norgestimate-ethinyl estradiol (Ortho Tri-Cyclen(R)) are commonly prescribed in the HIV-infected patient population. A placebo-controlled, randomized, two-period crossover study in healthy HIV-seronegative subjects was conducted to assess the effect of raltegravir on the pharmacokinetics of the estrogen and progestin components of norgestimate-ethinyl estradiol [ethinyl estradiol (EE) and norelgestromin (NGMN), an active metabolite of norgestimate (NGT)]. METHODS: In each of two periods, nineteen healthy women established on norgestimate-ethinyl estradiol contraception (21 days of active contraception; 7 days of placebo) received either 400 mg raltegravir or matching placebo twice daily on days 1-21. Pharmacokinetics were analysed on day 21 of each period. RESULTS: The geometric mean ratio (GMR) and 90% confidence interval (CI) for the EE component of norgestimate-ethinyl estradiol when co-administrated with raltegravir relative to EE alone was 0.98 (0.93-1.04) for the area under the concentration-time curve from 0 to 24 h (AUC(0-24 h) ) and 1.06 (0.98-1.14) for the maximum concentration of drug in the plasma (C(max) ); the GMR (90% CI) for the NGMN component of norgestimate-ethinyl estradiol when co-administered with raltegravir relative to NGMN alone was 1.14 (1.08-1.21) for AUC(0-24 h) and 1.29 (1.23-1.37) for C(max) . There were no discontinuations due to a study drug-related adverse experience, nor any serious clinical or laboratory adverse experience. CONCLUSIONS: Raltegravir has no clinically important effect on EE or NGMN pharmacokinetics. Co-administration of raltegravir and an oral contraceptive containing EE and NGT was generally well tolerated; no dose adjustment is required for oral contraceptives containing EE and NGT when co-administered with raltegravir.

PMID: 21395656

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.