Lack of an effect of rilpivirine on the pharmacokinetics of ethinylestradiol and norethindrone in healthy volunteers.

Crauwels HM, van Heeswijk RP, Buelens A, Stevens M, Hoetelmans RM.

Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2014 Feb;52(2):118-28. doi: 10.5414/CP201943.

UNLABELLED: Rilpivirine is a human immunodeficiency virus Type 1 (HIV-1) non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor. OBJECTIVE: Rilpivirine metabolism involves cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4). This trial (ClinicalTrials. gov number: NCT00739622) evaluated the interaction between rilpivirine and ethinylestradiol/norethindrone (combination oral contraceptives), which are metabolized by multiple pathways, including CYP3A4. METHODS: During three consecutive 28-day cycles, 18 HIV-negative females received once-daily ethinylestradiol (35 mug)/norethindrone (1 mg) (Days 1 - 21); Days 22 - 28 were pill-free. Only in Cycle 3 was once-daily rilpivirine (25 mg) co-administered (Days 1 - 15). Minimum and maximum plasma concentrations (Cmin; Cmax) and area under the plasma concentration-time curve over 24 hours (AUC24h) of ethinylestradiol/norethindrone (Day 15, Cycles 2 and 3) and rilpivirine (Day 15, Cycle 3) were evaluated. RESULTS: Rilpivirine coadministration had no effect on (least square mean ratio, 90% confidence interval) ethinylestradiol Cmin (1.09, 1.03 - 1.16) or AUC24h (1.14, 1.10 - 1.19), but increased Cmax by 17% (1.17, 1.06

PMID: 24161160

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