Special Considerations in the Management of Women With HIV, Including Management of Conception and Pregnancy

  • Author: Sigal Yawetz, MD (More Info)
  • Section Editor: Judith S. Currier, MD, MSc
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 4/27/20 (What's New)



  • Approximately 25% of HIV/AIDS cases in the United States today are among women, one third of whom are 50 years of age or older[CDC 2015; CDC 2013]
  • Most HIV infections in US women occur through heterosexual intercourse
  • Women with HIV tend to have higher rates of antiretroviral interruption than men
  • Sex-specific issues such as pregnancy and menopause have become a more important part of HIV care as life expectancy of women with HIV has improved

Primary Care of Women with HIV