Special Considerations in the Management of HIV-Infected Patients From Minority Communities

  • Authors: Bisola Ojikutu, MD, MPH; Valerie E. Stone, MD, MPH (More Info)
  • Section Editor: Judith S. Currier, MD, MSc
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 7/9/18 (What's New)


  • HIV-related stigma is a significant barrier to HIV testing and disclosure, decreasing the likelihood that patients will access care and treatment and reduce risk behaviors[Fortenberry 2002; Courtenay-Quirk 2006; Wolitski 2009]
  • Black and Latino communities report high levels of HIV-related stigma and discrimination against those living with HIV, often related to homophobia[Black 2002; Poindexter 1999; Kaiser 2004]
  • Interventions are needed to increase HIV testing and prevention among racial minorities

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