Special Considerations in the Management of HIV-Infected Patients From Minority Communities

  • Authors: Bisola Ojikutu, MD, MPH; Valerie E. Stone, MD, MPH (More Info)
  • Section Editor: Judith S. Currier, MD, MSc
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 7/9/18 (What's New)


  • Estimated rates of injection drug use appear comparable across racial groups[NIDA 2003]
  • Minorities who inject drugs may be at greater risk for HIV infection as higher rates of poverty may limit harm reduction and increase the likelihood of trading sex for drugs
  • Non–injection drug users are at increased risk of acquiring HIV due to increased likelihood of transactional sex and decreased inhibition resulting from intoxication

Action required