Special Considerations in the Management of HIV-Infected Patients From Minority Communities

  • Authors: Bisola Ojikutu, MD, MPH; Valerie E. Stone, MD, MPH (More Info)
  • Section Editor: Judith S. Currier, MD, MSc
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 7/9/18 (What's New)


  • Blacks in the United States have a disproportionately high risk of chronic renal disease, including end-stage renal disease[US Renal Data System 2013]
  • HIV contributes significantly to end-stage renal disease in blacks[Winston 2000]
  • Blacks are disproportionately affected by HIV-associated nephropathy and HIV-associated immune complex kidney disease[Shahinian 2000; Foy 2013]
  • Impact of ART on HIVAN
      Predisposing Genetic Factors

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