Special Considerations in the Management of HIV-Infected Patients From Minority Communities

  • Authors: Bisola Ojikutu, MD, MPH; Valerie E. Stone, MD, MPH (More Info)
  • Section Editor: Judith S. Currier, MD, MSc
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 7/9/18 (What's New)


  • Underlying comorbidities such as diabetes, hypertension, or cardiovascular disease may predispose HIV-infected patients to renal disease
  • Nephrotoxic drugs, hepatitis C virus coinfection, and other factors may also play a role in acute and chronic renal disease
  • Kidney biopsy and referral to a nephrologist are usually suggested for patients with renal disease

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