Special Considerations in the Management of HIV-Infected Patients From Minority Communities

  • Authors: Bisola Ojikutu, MD, MPH; Valerie E. Stone, MD, MPH (More Info)
  • Section Editor: Judith S. Currier, MD, MSc
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 7/9/18 (What's New)



  • Minority populations in the United States, particularly blacks and Latinos, experience disproportionately high rates of infection and poorer health outcomes[CDC 2014]
  • Minority patients’ HIV/AIDS care is often complicated by disparities in HIV/AIDS care, distrust of the healthcare system, stigma, poverty, challenges engaging in care, and barriers to adhering to ART
  • Risk of infection among minorities is tied to sexual networks, limited social mobility, and other economic factors
  • Minority individuals who are HIV-positive are more likely to go undiagnosed, to underutilize ART, and to experience greater mortality[El-Sadr 2010; NCHS]
  • Providers caring for minority patients living with HIV/AIDS should adopt a strategy that proactively seeks to address and reduce these challenges

Epidemiology in Minorities