Special Considerations and Clinical Management of HIV in Patients With Substance Use Disorder

  • Author: Frederick L. Altice, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 2/5/20 (What's New)


  • Heroin is a short-acting, semisynthetic opioid that may be smoked, inhaled, or injected
  • Peak heroin euphoria begins shortly after injection and lasts approximately 1 hour, followed by 1-4 hours of sedation; withdrawal symptoms commence several hours later

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