Lack of an effect of atazanavir on steady-state pharmacokinetics of methadone in patients chronically treated for opiate addiction.

Friedland G, Andrews L, Schreibman T, Agarwala S, Daley L, Child M, Shi J, Wang Y, O'Mara E.

AIDS. 2005 Oct 14;19(15):1635-41. doi: 10.1097/01.aids.0000183628.20041.f2.

BACKGROUND: Effective antiretroviral treatment of opiate-addicted drug users with HIV infection often requires concomitant substance abuse treatment, commonly with methadone. Pharmacological interactions between antiretroviral drugs and methadone may result in opiate withdrawal or increased side effects. OBJECTIVES: To determine if atazanavir, a once-daily protease inhibitor and moderate inhibitor of P450 CYP3A4, exhibited pharmacokinetic interactions with (R)-methadone. METHODS: Methadone pharmacokinetic parameters were measured in 16 patients on chronic methadone therapy prior to and after 14 days of daily administration of atazanavir. Steady-state pharmacokinetic values for total, (R)- (active) and (S)- (inactive) isomers of methadone were derived from plasma concentrations versus time data. Symptoms of opiate withdrawal and excess were monitored. RESULTS: For the active isomer (R)-methadone, the ratio of geometric means for coadministration with atazanavir relative to methadone alone were 1.03 [90% confidence interval (CI), 0.95-1.10] for the area under the concentration-time curve (AUC), 0.91 (90% CI, 0.84-1.00) for plasma maximal concentration and 1.11 (90% CI, 1.02-1.20) for plasma trough concentration. Confidence intervals for all three were within the no-effect or bioequivalence range of 0.80-1.25 for (R)-methadone. Inactive (S)-methadone was modestly reduced during atazanavir coadministration. Clinically relevant symptoms of opiate withdrawal or excess were not detected. Exposures to atazanavir were within range of previously reported values. CONCLUSIONS: No clinically relevant pharmacokinetic interactions were found between atazanavir and methadone. Dosage adjustment need not be recommended for either methadone or atazanavir when co-administered to patients treated for opiate abuse and HIV disease.

PMID: 16184033

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.