Interaction of methadone with didanosine and stavudine.

Rainey PM, Friedland G, McCance-Katz EF, Andrews L, Mitchell SM, Charles C, Jatlow P.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2000 Jul 1;24(3):241-8. doi: 10.1097/00126334-200007010-00007.

For opiate-dependent injection drug users infected with HIV, methadone therapy may facilitate adherence to complex highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) regimens. Current HAART regimens include one or more nucleoside analogues. We investigated the effects of methadone on the pharmacokinetics of the tablet formulation of didanosine (ddI) and of stavudine (d4T) in 17 study subjects on stable methadone therapy and in 10 untreated controls. Methadone treatment reduced the measured areas under the time-concentration curve (AUC0-6) by 63% for ddI (p =.04) and by 25% for d4T (p =.005) and the extrapolated AUCs for the full dosing interval (AUC0-12) by 57% for ddI (p =.11) and by 23% for d4T (p =. 02). Peak drug concentrations (Cmax) were reduced by 66% (p =.007) and 44% (p =.001) for ddI and d4T, respectively. The effects on AUC and Cmax appeared to result primarily from decreases in bioavailability. Methadone also delayed drug absorption. Trough levels for methadone did not differ significantly from those in historical controls, suggesting that ddI and d4T did not substantially alter methadone disposition. The results suggest that larger doses of the tablet formulation or an alternate formulation may be needed when didanosine is given to study subjects treated with methadone.

PMID: 10969348

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.