Ocular Complications Associated With HIV Infection

  • Authors: Patricia Pahk, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 4/1/16 (What's New)


  • Acute retinal necrosis and progressive outer retinal necrosis are usually associated with varicella zoster virus but may also be caused by HSV and CMV
  • CDC guidelines recommend involving an experienced ophthalmologist in management (Management Guidelines)[CDC OI]
  • Acute retinal necrosis is characterized by white necrotizing retinitis that begins peripherally and quickly progresses centrally (Figure 3)

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