The Role of HIV Providers in Secondary HIV Prevention

  • Author: W. David Hardy, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 5/16/18 (What's New)


  • Increases in STD incidence have been associated with increases in unprotected sex, notably among MSM[CDC 1999; Truong 2006]
  • Rate of primary and secondary syphilis in the US increased annually between 2001-2016[CDC 2016]
  • Rates of gonorrhea in the US decreased to an all-time low in 2009 but have increased from 2009-2016[CDC 2016]

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