Management of Children With or Exposed to HIV

  • Authors: James A. McAuley, MD, MPH; Mariam Aziz, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD; Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD
  • Last Reviewed: 9/5/21 (What's New)


  • HIV antibody tests do not establish HIV infection in infants because of transplacental transfer of maternal antibodies
  • Virologic tests that detect HIV-1 RNA or proviral DNA are used to diagnose HIV infection in children younger than 18 months of age[Read 2007]
    • HIV infection is diagnosed by 2 positive virologic tests performed on separate blood samples, regardless of age

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