Epidemiology of HIV Infection in the Developing World

  • Authors: Sunil Solomon, MBBS, PhD, MPH (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 11/1/21 (What's New)


  • HIV transmission attributable to injection drug use is increasing in many regions of the developing world[UNAIDS 2013; Aceijas 2004]
  • Data on prevalence of HIV and liver disease in people who inject drugs in the developing world are lacking
  • Sub-Saharan Africa
    • Studies among people who inject drugs in Africa have documented a high HIV prevalence in some countries, such as Mauritius, Kenya, and South Africa[Mathers 2008; UNAIDS 2013]
    South and Southeast Asia
      Central Asia and Eastern Europe
        South and Central America

        Action required