Special Considerations in the Management of Women With HIV, Including Management of Conception and Pregnancy

  • Author: Sigal Yawetz, MD (More Info)
  • Section Editor: Judith S. Currier, MD, MSc
  • Editors in Chief: Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD; Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD
  • Last Reviewed: 10/25/21 (What's New)


  • Guidelines on opportunistic infections recommend testing for latent TB infection at HIV diagnosis and annually thereafter in women with HIV infection and ongoing risk for acquiring TB (Management Guidelines)[CDC OI]
  • Testing may be repeated in patients whose CD4+ cell count was < 200 cells/mm3 at initial screening but is ≥ 200 cells/mm3 on ART[CDC OI]
  • WHO guidelines recommend that patients with HIV in resource-constrained settings should be screened for TB at each clinical interaction (Management Guidelines)[WHO HIV]

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