Non–AIDS-Defining Cancers

  • Authors: David Aboulafia, MD; Liron Pantanowitz, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 12/12/16 (What's New)

Summary

  • Squamous cell carcinoma comprises majority of primary anal cancers with many patients presenting in advanced stages
    • Anal intraepithelial neoplasia (AIN) divided into 3 grades based on level of dysplasia (Figure 3)
  • Screening strategies under investigation include high-resolution anoscopy, anal cytology (anal Pap test), and anal human papillomavirus detection

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