Special Considerations in the Management of HIV-Infected Patients From Minority Communities

  • Authors: Bisola Ojikutu, MD, MPH; Valerie E. Stone, MD, MPH (More Info)
  • Section Editor: Judith S. Currier, MD, MSc
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 7/9/18 (What's New)

Summary

    Metabolic Syndrome
    • Classic risk factors, particularly obesity, age, and race, are understood to be the primary drivers of metabolic syndrome and diabetes in people living with HIV, although HIV and ART may contribute to risk[Butt 2008; Mondy 2007]
    • Minorities with HIV infection have a high risk for obesity and weight gain, especially those who are uninsured[Taylor 2014]
    Prevalence
    • Metabolic syndrome and resultant diabetes occur at disproportionately high rates in blacks and Latinos[McBean 2004]
    Guidelines

    Action required