Parasitic Infections in HIV-Infected Patients

  • Authors: José M. Miró, MD, PhD; Miriam J. Álvarez-Martínez, MD, PhD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 4/1/16 (What's New)

Summary

  • Infections that were rarely seen outside tropical settings are now common throughout the world due to increased travel, migration, and globalization, and present a risk to HIV-infected persons
  • Primary care providers should be knowledgable on the most effective methods of exposure prevention and prophylaxis
  • Most common parasitic opportunistic infection seen in HIV-infected patients is Pneumocystis pneumonia, for which sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim is the preferred option for prophylaxis and treatment[CDC OI; Panel 2008b]

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