Parasitic Infections in HIV-Infected Patients

  • Authors: José M. Miró, MD, PhD; Miriam J. Álvarez-Martínez, MD, PhD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD; Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD
  • Last Reviewed: 10/20/21 (What's New)


  • Infections that were rarely seen outside tropical settings are now common throughout the world due to increased travel, migration, and globalization, and present a risk to persons with HIV
  • Primary care providers should be knowledgeable on the most effective methods of exposure prevention and prophylaxis
  • Most common parasitic opportunistic infection seen in patients with HIV is Pneumocystis pneumonia, for which sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim is the preferred option for prophylaxis and treatment[CDC OI; EACS]

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