Overview of HIV Prevention

  • Author: Sharon L. Hillier, PhD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 9/4/20 (What's New)


  • The well-established efficacy of treatment as prevention with ART, represented by the phrase Undetectable = Untransmittable (U = U), is among multiple evidence-based pillars supporting the DHHS recommendation that ART be offered to all persons with HIV, regardless of disease stage or CD4+ cell count and particularly those at risk of transmitting HIV to sexual partners, including heterosexuals and other risk groups (Management Guidelines)[DHHS ART]

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