Overview of HIV Prevention

  • Author: Sharon L. Hillier, PhD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 8/24/18 (What's New)


  • DHHS recommends that ART be offered to all HIV-infected persons, particularly those at risk of transmitting HIV to sexual partners, including heterosexuals and other risk groups (Management Guidelines)[DHHS ART]
  • Modelling studies have suggested that broad-scale implementation of HIV testing with ART could reduce HIV incidence and mortality significantly in high-incidence regions[Granich 2009]
  • Community-based HIV counseling and testing may improve HIV testing rates compared with clinic-based counseling and testing[Sweat 2011]

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