Bacterial Infections

  • Author: Harjot K. Singh, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD; Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD
  • Last Reviewed: 8/31/21 (What's New)


  • Guidelines on opportunistic infections recommend that empiric outpatient oral treatment for bacterial respiratory infections including those caused by S pneumoniae, among individuals with HIV are guided by level of infection and include both oral and intravenous drugs (Table 5) (Management Guidelines)[CDC OI]
    • Empiric treatment should start promptly in patients with HIV
    • Antimicrobial therapy should be targeted to the specific pathogen once identified

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