Ocular Complications Associated With HIV Infection

  • Authors: Patricia Pahk, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 4/1/16 (What's New)


  • Ocular syphilis canmasquerade as a variety of other ocular diseases, including unilateral or bilateral retinitis, choroiditis, panuveitis, or papillitis[McLeish 1990]
  • Patients with ocular syphilis require lumbar puncture to assess for neurosyphilis, although this is less likely in patients receiving ART[McLeish 1990; Levy 1989; Li 2010]
  • Diagnosis of ocular syphilis involves use of a treponemal and a nontreponemal test[Levy 1989; Becerra 1989]

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