Parasitic Infections in HIV-Infected Patients

  • Authors: José M. Miró, MD, PhD; Miriam J. Álvarez-Martínez, MD, PhD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD; Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD
  • Last Reviewed: 10/20/21 (What's New)

Summary

  • Guidelines on opportunistic infections from the CDC recommend that prophylaxis should be prescribed for all Toxoplasma-seropositive patients with HIV who have CD4+ cell counts < 100 cells/mm3 (Table 4) (Management Guidelines)[CDC OI]
    • The European AIDS Clinical Society guideline recommends that prophylaxis should be prescribed for all patients with HIV who have CD4+ cell counts < 200 cells/mm3 or CD4+ percentage < 14% or with oral thrush and relevant immunosuppression (Management Guidelines)[EACS]
  • Recommended agent for primary prophylaxis is sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim

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