HIV Testing and Diagnosis

  • Author: Peter Leone, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 1/9/18 (What's New)


  • Advent of rapid HIV tests has enabled clinicians to make a preliminary diagnosis of HIV infection within 30 minutes or less
  • 10 PoC tests (Table 2) have been approved by the FDA[CDC HIV Tests; FDA 2004]
  • Rapid tests have sensitivities and specificities similar to conventional EIAs[Delaney 2011]

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