Ocular Complications Associated With HIV Infection

  • Authors: Patricia Pahk, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 4/1/16 (What's New)


  • Incidence of ocular opportunistic infections decreased significantly after the introduction of effective ART and is rare where ART is widely available[Palella 1998; Holtzer 1998; Jabs 2007]
  • CMV is the most common ocular opportunistic infection in patients with AIDS
    • Characterized by full-thickness necrotizing retinitis with white edematous or granular borders (Figure 4)

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