Tuberculosis and Other Mycobacterial Infections

  • Authors: Richard E. Chaisson, MD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 3/30/17 (What's New)


  • Treatment of pediatric TB is similar to treatment in adults (Management Guidelines) (Table 12)[Mofenson 2009; Nahid 2016; DHHS Child OI]
    • The exception is rare cases where ethambutol is omitted during the initial 2-month intensive phase of treatment for HIV-uninfected children with no previous TB treatment experience and at low risk for drug-resistant TB. However, because of the risk for TB resistance, most experts include ethambutol[Nahid 2016]
  • Children should always receive directly observed treatment for TB

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