Overview of HIV Prevention

  • Author: Sharon L. Hillier, PhD (More Info)
  • Editors in Chief: Daniel R. Kuritzkes, MD; Joseph J. Eron, Jr., MD
  • Last Reviewed: 9/4/20 (What's New)


  • Epidemiologic studies have reported reduced HIV prevalence among circumcised men
  • Randomized trials have demonstrated that male HIV acquisition from a female partner is reduced following circumcision and that benefit persists over long-term follow-up[Bailey 2007; Gray 2007; Auvert 2005; Gray 2012a; Gray 2012b; Mehta 2013]
    • However, circumcision does not appear to reduce the risk of HIV infection among MSM[Gust 2010; Millet 2008]

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